Aldara. Answers to frequently asked questions
The article contains answers to the most common questions about Aldara cream. You will learn how to properly use Aldara (imiquimod), how long the course of treatment takes and other features of Aldara.
What are the ingredients in Aldara Cream?
Aldara is a white or slightly yellowish cream packed in disposable foil bags.
Each of the Aldara 5% Cream sachets contains 12.5 mg of the active ingredient, Imiquimod. Aldara cream also contains isostearic acid, benzyl alcohol, cetylpyridinium alcohol, stearyl alcohol, white soft paraffin, polysorbate 60, sorbitan monostearate, glycerin, methyl hydroxybenzoate, hydroxybenzoate propyl nitrate, xanthan gum, gum
How does Aldara work?
Aldara contains the active ingredient Imiquimod. Imiquimod is an immune response modifier. It stimulates the production of interferon, an antiviral agent. Although the exact mechanism of action of Aldara is unknown, it is believed that the drug works by affecting the immune system.
What Aldara is used for
Aldara is used to treat keratoses, basal cell carcinomas, external genital/perianal warts. Actinic keratoses are also known as solar keratoses. Basaliomas are one of the most common forms of skin cancer and can appear as small nodules or raised spots. External genital / perianal warts (condyloma acuminata) usually appear on the surface of the genitals and around the anus.
Aldara is recommended for use in adults.
When should Aldara not be used?
- if you are allergic to imiquimod or any of the components of the cream;
- for the treatment of internal warts - vaginal, anal, urethral.
Before using the drug, tell your doctor if you:
- are pregnant or about to become pregnant;
- you suspect you have HIV;
- using other drugs to treat skin conditions.
How to use the drug correctly?
Aldara is used to treat several skin conditions. Aldara should be applied shortly before bed and left on the skin for 6-10 hours. If the disease recurs, see your doctor.
For keratosis, the cream is applied once a day, two days a week, for example on Monday and Thursday or Tuesday and Friday. Treatment should be continued for no more than 16 weeks.
For the treatment of basal cell carcinoma Aldara is applied daily once a day, five days a week. The cream should be applied to the tumor one centimeter of the skin around the tumor. Treatment should be continued for 6 weeks.
For external genital / perianal warts Aldara is applied once a day, three times a week, or as recommended by your doctor. Treatment should be continued until the warts have completely disappeared, but no more than 16 consecutive weeks.
How to apply Aldara to the skin?
Before use, wash your hands and affected areas with soap and water and dry them. Open the bag and squeeze out a small amount of the cream. Apply a thin layer to the affected area and rub gently into the skin. Do not apply more than is required to apply to the affected area. Discard the bag after use. Wash your hands with soap and water. Leave the Aldara cream on for 6-10 hours. Do not wash or shower during this time. After 6-10 hours, the area where the cream was applied should be washed with soap and water.
Do not cover the area where the cream is applied with a bandage or clothing. Cotton dressings can be used if necessary. Do not apply more cream than necessary. It is enough to cover the affected surface with a thin layer. Using too much cream can increase the risk of serious adverse reactions.
Can I use the drug if pregnant or breastfeeding?
Do not use the cream if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Some important notes for those using Aldara
Do not give the drug to anyone, even if you think the condition is similar to yours. If you have serious adverse reactions when using the cream, a break in treatment for a few days may be recommended.
When treating keratosis
Do not apply the cream near the eyes, lips and nostrils. Avoid exposure to sunlight while treating Aldara.
When treating basal cell carcinoma
Do not apply the cream near your eyes, nose, mouth or ears.
When treating external genital / perianal warts
Avoid sexual intercourse. The cream must be applied after, not before, intercourse. If you have already applied the cream, it should be washed off before sexual intercourse. Aldara can weaken the effect of condoms and vaginal diaphragms. The effect of the cream on the transmission of genital warts is unknown. If warts appear under the foreskin, see your doctor.
Women should use the cream with caution in the run-up to the vagina, as this may cause swelling and difficulty urinating. Do not use cream to treat intravaginal warts.
What to do if I forget to apply the drug?
If you forget to use the drug, apply the cream as soon as you remember and continue to use it regularly. No need to apply a double dose of the drug!
What side effects should I expect when using Aldara?
The most common side effects when applying the cream are redness, swelling, ulceration, flaking of the skin, itching, burning. Less common are changes in skin color, headache, muscle aches, dry skin, flu-like syndrome, swollen lymph nodes, and diarrhea. Most of these reactions disappear after the end of the drug. They are a sign that Aldara really works. If you are unable to tolerate the side effects, wash off the cream with soap and water and consult a doctor. The doctor may recommend a short break in treatment. If other side effects occur or if you feel unwell, tell your doctor.
Redness and flaking are common side effects. Swelling, weeping, itching, or burning may also occur. Actinic keratoses may appear in new areas (these foci disappear after stopping treatment).
Basal cell carcinoma
During treatment and until complete recovery, your skin in the treated area may differ from healthy skin. Redness, peeling, edema may develop. Sometimes weeping, itching, burning develop. External genital/perianal warts. Many people develop redness or swelling of an area of their skin during treatment. If you have any questions regarding the treatment of diseases or local skin reactions, please consult your doctor.
What to do if I apply too much cream?
If you apply too much cream, remember that it can cause a severe skin reaction. Excess cream can simply be washed off with soap and water. If the skin reaction has stopped, you can continue with the treatment.
What to do if I accidentally swallow the cream?
If you accidentally swallow the cream, you may develop nausea, vomiting, headache, muscle pain, fever.
If you or someone else accidentally swallows Aldara, seek medical attention immediately.
How to store Aldara?
Aldara Cream must be stored in a cool, dry place below 25 ° C. Do not freeze. Keep this drug away from children.